Biochemistry or biological chemistry is a branch of biology and chemistry involving intense study of different chemical processes taking place inside living organisms. These biochemical processes are notably the fundamental reasons for complexity of life. Biochemistry is classified into molecular genetics, metabolism and protein science. It figures out the way in which bio molecules give rise to the general processes … Read More


Bioinformatics involves in-depth understanding of biological data through strategic development of appropriate software tools. This is an interdisciplinary field including computer science, biology, mathematics, statistics, and information engineering all of which are essential to comprehend with abstract biological information. Bioinformatics has many different applications such as silico analysis for biological queries, candidate gene identification, SNP (Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms), etc. This … Read More


Cell biology is the intense study of structure, composition, physiology and functioning of cells which is the most fundamental unit of any living organism. This understanding of cellular components and their functioning forms the basic for all biological sciences. Cell Biology deeply understands and analyzes the physiological processes, lifecycle, chemical properties, metabolism, and interactions between cells and environment. These studies … Read More


Preclinical Drug Design or Rational Drug Design is the process of discovering medications. The process of drug design is carried out only upon obtaining a thorough understanding of the biological target. The drug thus developed is a molecule aimed at having therapeutic effects on the patient it is injected on. This drug performs either by activating or inhibiting any biomolecule like … Read More


Molecular Biology is a branch of biology that understands and analysis the molecular structure, composition and functioning of cellular molecules. It deals with different disciplines including biology, chemistry, genetics and biochemistry. In other words, molecular biology strives to understand how genes get transcribed to RNA which in turn gets transcribed as proteins. In this process, there are various interactions taking … Read More


Pharmaceutics is one of the divisions of pharmacy. It involves dealing with New Chemical Entities or drugs that are safely transformed and used on patients as medication. There are numerous chemicals having pharmacological properties, but cannot be directly used on patients. By performing special procedures, these chemicals can easily be transformed into medicines of therapeutic values. These raw, pure drugs … Read More


Scientific research is the sequential process of data collection, interpretation, analysis and reporting done in order to make contributions to scientific developments. It basically involves data assimilation from a group of volunteers to figure out the reasons of diseases, its developmental phases and effects so that it aids in developing newer diagnostic methods and treatments procedures. Scientific research can be … Read More


Preclinical research also known as preclinical study or preclinical development is the phase of research conducted prior to clinical trials. It is a type of non-clinical study where drug-related data are carefully sourced and compiled in order to gain deep understanding of its feasibility of use on humans and product safety profile. Preclinical research mainly discovers the ideal dosage levels … Read More


Preclinical Toxicology Research – Toxicology is the process of analyzing and understanding the effects of toxic chemical substances when injected into any living organism. It is the integration of chemistry, medicine, biology, and pharmacology. Toxicology also involves the study of different diagnostic processes and treatments offered for health hazards that result due to toxic exposure. Toxicology shows a keen focus on … Read More