Jake McDonald, Ph.D., is Vice President of Applied Sciences, with more than 13 years of experience in drug development and toxicology/pharmacology. He has over 100 publications and 130 published abstracts, and he has given over 50 presentations at technical meetings. He has served on several National Academy of Science panels as well as serving on numerous advisory and editorial boards for private industry, government and academia. His depth of experience includes pharmaceutics, drug development, risk assessment, environmental/occupational hazard assessment, medical countermeasure development and chemical-induced toxicity. Dr. McDonald received a B.S. in biology/environmental chemistry from the University of La Verne in 1996 and a Ph.D. in aerosol chemistry and toxicology from the University of Nevada in 2000.